I - Organisation Summary
CARE International in Turkey is a non-profit, non-governmental organization that has been operating in Gaziantep, Turkey since 2013, providing much-needed aid and support to the Syrian refugee population, through funds provided by various government and other donors. CARE International in Turkey has been providing emergency relief assistance (Food or Non-Food Commodities) to the Syrian refugee population over the past 7 years procuring from Turkey.
II - Context and Background
The current humanitarian situation in Syria remains complex and dynamic and is projected to remain so the coming year. Eight years of conflict in Syria has left an estimated 11.7 million people in need of humanitarian assistance (a decrease of 1.4 million reported in 2018 HNO) –5 million of which are in acute need. Of this 11.7 million, 5.9 million are female, 5.8 million are children (1.3 million under 4 years old), 1.3 million are people with disabilities and 0.5 million are aged 59 years and over. Population movements have remained high in 2018 with 1.6 million movements recorded and geographic distribution of new displacements shifted as the situation on the ground evolved. Currently, the number of internally displaced people (IDPs) is estimated at 6.2 million, many having been displaced multiple times. In 2019, protracted displacement is expected to continue as no end to the Syria conflict is foreseen. Based on current trends and anticipated scenarios, an estimated 1.2 million people may be displaced in 2019 (approximately 100,000 per month), because of ongoing hostilities and largely determined by events in Idleb and other areas of NW Syria.Significant reliance on humanitarian assistance and services will continue as resilience and coping mechanisms of IDPs are tested and eroded. The continued absence of economic opportunities, weak essential services, and destroyed infrastructure has a direct and negative impact on standards of living and poverty, generating significant protection concerns.
The 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan recognizes that 2018 levels of response have been a lifeline for millions of people living in Syria and must be sustained in 2019. On average, 5.3 million vulnerable people received food assistance on a monthly basis whilst a further 2.7 million people were supported with agricultural assistance in 2018.
In northern Syria, CARE has engaged in food security and livelihood response since mid-2013, reaching 956,000 beneficiaries. CARE has reached over 308,000 people with food baskets, over 172,700 with cash and vouchers for food and other basic needs and over 73,200 with Ready-to-Eat rations.
Cash and vouchers as a modality of assistance play an important role in reaching the most vulnerable however its potential is not fully utilized. In the first quarter of 2019 alone, agencies reported reaching an average of 6.1 M people with humanitarian assistance of which 9.4% were reported as multipurpose cash assistance and approximately 10% accounts for sector-specific cash and voucher assistance. Bi-weekly market monitoring reports published by REACH, based on data collected by the Cash-Based Responses Technical Working Group, continues to demonstrate the capacity of local markets to support CVA. The After Action Review of 2018-2019 winterization assistance revealed that through in-kind distributions several items that beneficiaries found parts of the winterization support less useful and that a majority of the affected population preferred a combination of in-kind and cash assistance (42%) and exclusively cash assistance (50%). The report further showed that several agencies were able to implement and gained experience in implementing voucher-based assistance and while the market system in the operational areas remains volatile, supplies and financial services are available and key market actors are largely present. One of the key factors identified affecting to maximize cash and voucher assistance is the perception and known risk that the assistance could be diverted to unintended its use. While most western institutional donors continue to support and promote the use of Cash and Voucher Assistance broadly in northwest Syria, there is still reluctance amongst humanitarian cross-border actors about CVA. Further, some donors do not want to support unrestricted cash but allow other restricted voucher modalities. While most actors recognize that Cash and Voucher Assistance in broad terms does not come with a higher risk of aid diversion than the provision of in-kind support, multiple humanitarian actors continue to focus on in-kind support rather than CVA. Informal feedback from those actors, donors and agencies suggests that it is often due to risk management considerations and misperceptions around risk levels at more senior levels within their organizations driving this concern and certainly never considerations of which modalities are preferred by beneficiaries. This consultancy seeks to explore and document evidence of diversion of aid and recommend risk mitigation schemes for the organization and the wider cash and voucher community of practice, donors and key stakeholders.
III - Consultancy Objectives
This consultancy seeks to explore the issue of, and gather evidence on, the comparative aid diversion risk-profiles of Cash and Voucher Assistance and In-kind support in the context of North-West Syria. Through the consultancy, CARE seeks to build on data and evidence from the field to establish comparative risk levels between different modalities and specifically provide recommendations on risks mitigation strategies and concrete measures that agencies may adopt in their CVA programming as well as sector-specific adjustments.
Specifically, the research should answer the following:
1 Over-arching question: What are the specific risks of aid diversion associated with CVA in North-West Syria and how do risk levels compare between in-kind, voucher and cash programming.
2 Specific questions:
2.1 Modalities: What are the specific risks of aid diversion associated with CVA and how do they compare to in-kind support in terms of risk levels.
2.2 Agency: What are the key measures that agencies may adopt to mitigate the risks of aid diversion? How well prepared the agencies are in dealing with cases of diversion of aid and other risks associated with diversion?
2.3 The wider community of practice: What can a wider cash community of practice collectively adapt to address issues on diversion of aid and support its implementing partners? How can the wider cash community of practice address perception of risk of aid diversion?
IV - Expected outputs
The consultant should result in the following outputs:
- Inception Report, including the proposed methodology, how questions will be tackled and how the analysis will be presented and budgetary requirements;
- Final Report, including recommendation and action plan
V - Timeframe
Engage for a period of two months (February to March 2020) which includes:
- Briefing and desk review
- Fieldwork and interviews with key informants
- Debriefing and presentation of content/ideas
- Preparation of final report
VI - Criteria for the Selection of Consultants:
Education: Post Graduate degree in the relevant area most preferably related to humanitarian and development studies
Knowledge, skills, and experience
- Considerable experience in conducting, program evaluations or impact studies
- Proven experience of delivering high-quality consultancy work to an agreed ToR and timeframe
- Experience in conducting risk analysis and risk mitigation
- Proven experience with evaluations or analysis of Cash and Voucher Assistance
- Strong knowledge and experience in working with Syria context
- Previous experience with the CARE, INGOs and its implementing partners
- Fluency in Arabic is desirable
- The ability to travel and operate in Syria
HOW TO APPLY
Interested candidates’ /consultancy firms should submit an expression of interest by the 24 January 2020. The application should include:
1. Expression of interest outlining in detail their proposed approach timeframe and budget to undertake the proposed evaluation.
2. Cover letter clearly summarizing your experience as it pertains to this assignment, your daily rate, and contact details for three professional referees
3. Curriculum Vitae (CV)
4. Sample of completed work related to this consultancy (report or documentation etc.)
Applicants are required to provide samples of previously written work preferably similar to those described in this ToR. Application materials are non-returnable and we thank you in advance for understanding that only short-listed candidates will be contacted.
Child Protection Policy
Child abuse in all forms is unacceptable to CARE Turkey, which recognizes its responsibility to protect children from harm in all areas of its work. CARE Turkey is committed to ensuring a child-safe environment and is applying a zero-tolerance approach towards any kind of child abuse and exploitation.
Discrimination, Abuse and Harassment Policy
CARE Turkey expressly prohibits and will not tolerate any form of discrimination, abuse, harassment (sexual or otherwise), based upon race, ethnicity, religion, national origin, gender, age, sexual orientation, marital status, citizenship status, disability, or military status. CARE employees and related personnel must under no circumstances take part in any form of discrimination, harassment, or abuse (physical, sexual or verbal), intimidation or exploitation, or in any other way infringe the rights of others inside or outside CARE.
Employment is subject to the possession of valid identification documents (passport, residency card, temporary protection card, etc.) and successfully obtaining permission to work by the Government of Turkey (work permit). CARE will submit the work permit application on behalf of the selected candidate after the job offer accepted. Candidate can start to work for CARE only after the work permit is received. Failure to provide the required documents or rejection of a work permit application by the Government of Turkey will result in your employment offer being rescinded.